日本金属学会誌

J. Japan Inst. Metals, Vol. 59, No. 10 (1995),
pp. 1078-1083

Mechanical Properties and Corrosion Fatigue of New Titanium Alloys forMedical Implants in Physiological Saline Solution

Yoshimitsu Okazaki1, Kenji Kyo2,Yoshimasa Ito3 and Tetsuya Tateishi1

1Mechanical Engineering Laboratory, Agency of Industrial Science and Technology, Ministry of International Trade and Industry, Tsukuba, Ibaraki
2Nippon Institute of Technology, Miyashiro, Saitama

3Technical Development Group, Kobe Steel, Ltd., Kobe

Abstract:

The corrosion fatigue and mechanical properties of Ti-15%Zr-4%Nb-4%Ta-0.2%Pd-0.2%O-0.05%N and Ti-15%Sn-4%Nb-2%Ta-0.2%Pd-0.2%O alloys were compared with those of Ti-6%Al-4%V ELI, Ti-6%Al-2%Nb-1%Ta and β type Ti-15%Mo-5%Zr-3%Al alloys for medical implants by corrosion fatigue testing in a physiological saline solution at 310 K and tensile testing at room temperature. The corrosion fatigue test was carried out under the condition of a tension to tension mode with a sine wave at a stress ratio of 0.1 and at a frequency of 10 Hz in eagle's MEM+bovine serum solution using an environment cell with 90%N2+5%CO2+5%O2 gas bubbling.
The titanium alloys annealed at 973 K for 7.2 ks showed an acicular structure containing 15 to 30 vol% elongated β grains. The effect of alloying elements on ultimate tensile strength could be estimated by the following equation.

σuts/MPa=451+12.9[%Zr]+29.3[%Sn]+6.4[%Nb]+8.4[%Ta]-148.2[%Pd]+531[%O]+1646[%N]

The cycle to failure of Ti-15%Sn-4%Nb-2%Ta-0.2%Pd-0.2%O and Ti-15%Zr-4%Nb-4%Ta-0.2%Pd-0.2%O-0.05%N alloys annealed at 973 K for 7.2 ks increased linearly with decreasing applied maximum stress. The fatigue strength at 107 cycles in those alloys was about 650 MPa. The fatigue strength at 107 cycles in Ti-6%Al-2%Nb-1%Ta alloy was about 750 MPa, and it was higher than that of Ti-6%Al-4%V ELI alloy, i.e. 690 MPa. The fatigue strength of 107 cycles in the β type Ti-15%Mo-5% Zr-3%Al alloy was lower than that of the α+β type alloys. Dimple and striation formed by corrosion fatigue testing were seen in the fractured surface of the α+β type alloys, while a river pattern was seen in fatigue surface of the β type alloy.


(Received March 13, 1995)

Keywords:

titanium alloy, medical implant, corrosion fatigue, physiological saline solution, microstructure, mechanical property, fatigue strength


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