Materials Transactions Online

Materials Transactions, Vol.61 No.09 (2020) pp.1874-1880
© 2020 The Japan Institute of Metals and Materials

Prediction of Face-Centered Cubic Single-Phase Formation for Non-Equiatomic Cr-Mn-Fe-Co-Ni High-Entropy Alloys Using Valence Electron Concentration and Mean-Square Atomic Displacement

Kodai Niitsu1, 2, Makoto Asakura1, Koretaka Yuge1 and Haruyuki Inui1, 2

1Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan
2Center for Elements Strategy Initiative for Structure Materials (ESISM), Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan

We have investigated the face-centered cubic (FCC) single-phase formability of non-equiatomic Cr-Mn-Fe-Co-Ni HEAs as well as equiatomic derivative medium/high-entropy alloys (M/HEAs) considering their valence electron concentration (VEC) and mean-square atomic displacement (MSAD). While VEC remains the most decisive parameter to predict phase formation, MSAD can be a complementary parameter that modifies the VEC boundary. Multiplicity of constituent elements was beneficial to accommodate a larger MSAD, which resulted in a downward shift of the VEC boundary for the FCC single phase. This offers information about the correlations between the phase formation preference, VEC, and MSAD of M/HEAs with various compositions.


(Received 2020/05/07; Accepted 2020/06/09; Published 2020/08/25)

Keywords: high-entropy alloys, superalloys, atomic displacement, phase diagram, phase transformations

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