Materials Transactions Online

Materials Transactions, Vol.60 No.07 (2019) pp.1356-1366
© 2019 The Japan Institute of Metals and Materials

Developing Nanostructured Metals for Manufacturing of Medical Implants with Improved Design and Biofunctionality

Ruslan Z. Valiev1, 2, Evgeny V. Parfenov1 and Lyudmila V. Parfenova3

1Ufa State Aviation Technical University, 12 K. Marx street, Ufa, 450008 Russia
2Saint Petersburg State University, Universitetskiy prospekt 28, Peterhof, St. Petersburg, 198504, Russia
3Institute of Petrochemistry and Catalysis of Russian Academy of Sciences, 141, Prospekt Oktyabrya, Ufa 450075, Russia

Recent years have witnessed a series of numerous investigative activities to improve existing metallic biomaterials (Ti and Ti alloys, stainless steels, Mg and Fe alloys) by their nanostructuring for advanced medical applications using severe plastic deformation (SPD) processing. Nanostructured metals are peculiar for their enhanced strength and fatigue life, which makes them an excellent choice for fabrication of implants with improved design for dentistry and orthopedics. Moreover, surface modification of nanometals by chemical etching and bioactive coatings show a significant improvement of biomedical properties. Various studies conducted in this field make it possible to fabricate miniaturized dental implants and nanoTi plates with enhanced osseointegration.R&D approach for manufacturing of medical implants with improved design and biofunctionality using nanostructured metals and their surface modifications

[doi:10.2320/matertrans.MF201943]

(Received 2019/03/13; Accepted 2019/04/24; Published 2019/06/25)

Keywords: nanostructured metals, enhanced strength, medical implants with improved design, surface modifications, bioactive coatings

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