Materials Transactions Online

Materials Transactions, Vol.55 No.12 (2014) pp.1859-1866
© 2014 The Japan Institute of Metals and Materials

Strategy for Electrodeposition of Highly Ductile Bulk Nanocrystalline Metals with a Face-Centered Cubic Structure

Isao Matsui1, 2, Yorinobu Takigawa1, Daisaku Yokoe3, Takeharu Kato3, Tokuteru Uesugi1 and Kenji Higashi1

1Department of Materials Science, Osaka Prefecture University, Sakai 599-8531, Japan
2Materials Research Institute for Sustainable Development, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Nagoya 463-8560, Japan
3Nanostructures Research Laboratory, Japan Fine Ceramics Center, Nagoya 456-8587, Japan

A strategy for producing highly ductile electrodeposited bulk nanocrystalline metals with face-centered cubic structures was developed in a Ni-W alloy model system. Bulk nanocrystalline Ni-W alloys with similar grain size (20-30 nm), and varying crystallographic orientations were produced. The electrodeposited alloys showed tensile elongation ranging between 0 and 13%. Scanning ion microscopy reveled that all electrodeposited alloys had similar meso-scale structures that are typical of electrodeposited metals. This indicated the variation of ductility and fracture surfaces was not caused by cluster structures filled with nano-grains. The tensile behavior of the bulk nanocrystalline Ni-W alloys could be explained by considering the effects of growth processes during electrodeposition on the presence of hydrogen and defects. Our discussion surrounding Ni-W alloys outlines the conditions necessary to obtain the high tensile ductility. Our findings are in good agreement with those for other electrodeposited nanocrystalline face-centered cubic metals. We also provide guidelines for selecting electrodeposition conditions to produce bulk nanocrystalline metals with face-centered cubic structures and high tensile ductility.

(Received 2014/07/24; Accepted 2014/09/16; Published 2014/11/25)

Keywords: nanocrystalline metal, electrodeposition, nickel-tungsten alloys, growth mode, meso-scale structure

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