Materials Transactions Online

Materials Transactions, Vol.48 No.09 (2007) pp.2518-2524
© 2007 The Japan Institute of Metals

Dynamic Substance Flow Analysis of Aluminum and Its Alloying Elements

Hiroki Hatayama, Hiroyuki Yamada, Ichiro Daigo, Yasunari Matsuno and Yoshihiro Adachi

Department of Materials Engineering, Graduate school of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan

Aluminum demand in Japan has grown significantly during the last few decades. For most uses, small amounts of other metals are added to the primary aluminum to make harder alloys, which are classified by the nature and concentrations of their alloying elements. Aluminum scraps from end-of-life products, which are used as raw materials for secondary aluminum, are often mixtures of several alloys. Therefore, not only the amount of scrap but also the concentrations of their alloying elements must be taken into account when assessing the maximum recycle rate of aluminum scraps.
This paper reports a dynamic substance flow analysis of aluminum and its alloying elements in Japan, focusing on the alloying elements Si, Fe, Cu and Mn. We devised eight categories of aluminum end uses and 16 types of aluminum alloys. The amount of each alloy in each end-use category was estimated from statistical data. We then estimated future quantities of discarded aluminum in each of the eight categories using the population balance model. At the same time, we calculated the concentrations of the alloying elements in each of the end uses.
It was estimated that the amount of aluminum recovered in Japan would be about 1800 kt in 2050, which is 2.12 times that recovered in 1990. Calculated concentrations of alloying elements in aluminum scraps showed good correlation with those of the measured data.

(Received 2007/5/1; Accepted 2007/7/3; Published 2007/8/22)

Keywords: material flow analysis, substance flow analysis, aluminum alloy, alloy content, aluminum scraps, population balance model

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