Materials Transactions Online

Materials Transactions, Vol.47 No.03 (2006) pp.735-741
© 2006 The Japan Institute of Metals

Effect of Cyclic Loading on Apparent Young's Modulus and Critical Stress in Nano-Subgrained Superelastic NiTi Shape Memory Alloys

Shengcheng Mao1,2, Xiaodong Han1,2,, Ming. H. Wu3, Ze Zhang1,2,, Fei Hao1, Danmin Liu1, YueFei Zhang1,4 and Bihui Hou2

1Institute of Microstructure and Property of Advanced Materials, Beijing University of Technology, P. R. China
2Colleges of Applied Physics, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing, 100022, P. R. China
3Memry Corporations, Bethel, CT, 06801, USA
4Plasma Physics and Materials Lab., Beijing Institute of Graphic Communication, Beijing 102600, P. R. China

A series of uni-axial tensile cycling tests were conducted at room temperature in superelastic NiTi strip specimens with nano-grain size. The NiTi superelastic strip specimen's Apparent Young's Modulus (AYM) and the critical stress decrease when the specimen is subjected to an external uni-axial stress and the strain being higher than 1.5%. Both of the AYM and the critical stress become steady after 10-time cycling. The number of the (111)[143] oriented grains increases with extending the strain value. The sub-grain size grows with increasing mechanical cycling number due to the annihilation of the small angle boundaries. The AYM-softening is related to the grain re-orientation (texture evolution) and the formation of irreversible-stabilized B19' martensitic variants. The softness of the critical stress is principally attributed to the aspect that the grains re-orient to align along the two textural components (111)[110] and (111)[143] when the external stress being applied. The rotation of grains towards the observed orientation gives higher Schmid factor for the transformation and is one of the reasons for the decrease in AYM and critical stress. The orientation relationships between B2 parent phase and the strain-induced B19' martensite are observed to be: [111]B2|| [101]M, (110)B2|| (010)M and [111]B2|| [110]M and (110)B2|| (001)M.

(Received 2005/9/20; Accepted 2006/1/13; Published 2006/3/15)

Keywords: Apparent Young's Modulus (AYM), Critical stress, Mechanical Cycling, Softness, NiTi, texture, microstructure

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