日本金属学会誌

J. Japan Inst. Met. Mater, Vol. 82, No. 09 (2018),
pp. 366-374

Effect of Additives on Electrodeposition of Zn−Zr Oxide Composite from Dispersed Particles-Free Solution

Yosuke Hara 1, Daiki Ueda 1, Satoshi Oue 2 and Hiroaki Nakano 2

1 Department of Materials Process Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyushu University
2 Department of Materials Science & Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kyushu University

Abstract:

Electrodeposition of Zn-Zr oxide composite was performed from an unagitated sulfate solution containing Zn2+, Zr ions and additives such as NO3- ions and polyethylene glycol (PEG) at pH 2 and 313 K under galvanostatic conditions, and the effect of additives on the codeposition of Zr oxide and polarization property and micro structure of deposits was investigated. Zr content in deposits obtained at all the current densities increased significantly with addition of 2.0 g・dm-3 of NaNO3. Zn-Zr oxide deposited from the solution containing NaNO3 showed massive structure composed of fine crystals without Zn platelets crystals, and a lot of large cracks occurred between the massive crystals. EDX analysis revealed that Zr codeposited on the massive crystals as fine concavo-convex oxide. The corrosion current density of Zn-Zr oxide deposited from the solution containing NaNO3 was almost same as that of pure Zn deposits, showing no improvement of corrosion resistance with codeposition of Zr oxide. On the other hand, Zr content in deposits obtained from the solution containing PEG increased significantly with increasing current density above 1000 A・m-2. With addition of 1000 mg・dm-3 of PEG, the Zn platelets crystals disappeared, and the deposits were composed of fine mesh-like crystals with preferred orientation {1010}Zn plane, resulting in smooth surface. The cathodic current density for the reduction of dissolved oxygen on the Zn-Zr oxide deposited from the solution containing PEG was smaller than that of pure Zn deposits, as a result, the corrosion current density of Zn-Zr oxide deposits was smaller than that of pure Zn deposits. The increase in Zr content in deposits with NO3- ions and PEG is attributed to acceleration of hydrolysis reaction of Zr ions.

[doi:10.2320/jinstmet.J2018027]


(Received 2018/05/28)

Keywords:

electrodeposition, zinc, zirconium oxide, polarization curve, corrosion potential, corrosion current density, polyethylene glycol, nitrate ion, oxide composite, hydrolysis


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