Hiroshi Hosono1,, Kazuhiro Chaen1,\footnotemark, Hideyuki Kuwahara2, Kazuo Ichii1 and Toshio Oishi1
1Faculty of Engineering, Kansai University, Suita 564-8680
Fe-5, 10, and 14 mass%Cr alloy foils with the thickness of 60 μm or less were plasma nitrided at 873 K and nitrogen was saturated throughout the foil specimen.
Microstructure on the cross section of the nitrided specimen was consisted of an external nitrided layer of γ ′-Fe4N and an internal nitrided layer of dispersed precipitates of CrN in the α-Fe matrix.
Dissolved chromium was found to retain 1.23, 3.74, and 6.02 mass% by XPS (X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy) for the alloy specimens of Fe-5, 10, and 14 mass%Cr nitrided at 873 K for 180 ks, respectively. The results of XPS and the chemical analysis of total nitrogen lead to the conclusion that the concentrations of dissolved nitrogen were 0.41, 0.91, and 1.63 mass% in plasma-nitrided Fe-5, 10, and 14 mass%Cr alloy specimens, respectively. The dissolved nitrogen concentrations were significantly higher than those attained by gas nitriding.
plasma nitriding, iron-chromium alloy, dissolved nitrogen, CrN, saturation
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