日本金属学会誌

J. Japan Inst. Metals, Vol. 59, No. 1 (1995),
pp. 108-115

Effect of Heat Treatment on Microstructure and MechanicalProperties of New Titanium Alloys for Surgical Implantation

Yoshimitsu Okazaki1, Yoshimasa Ito2,Tetsuya Tateishi1 and Atsuo Ito1

1Mechanical Engineering Laboratory, Agency of Industrial Science and Technology,Ministry of International Trade and Industry, Tsukuba, Ibaraki

2Technical Development Group Kobe Steel, LTD, Wakinohamacho, Kobe

Abstract:

Ti-15 mass%Zr-4%Nb-4%Ta-0.2%Pd and Ti-15%Sn-4%Nb-2%Ta-0.2%Pd alloys not containing harmful V and Al for surgical implantation in response to recent concerns about the long term safety of Ti-6%Al-4%V ELI(Extra low interstitial, ASTM specified for surgical implantation) were cast by plasma electron beam melting. The effect of heat treating on room temperature strength was investigated by aging treatment after solution treatment. The alloys were forged in their α and α+β regions, and then solution-treated at 953{~}1173 K for 3.6 ks. Vickers hardness in the range below β transition temperature increases with increasing solution treating temperature and change of Vickers hardness in the range over its temperature is small. Optimized solution treatment conditions are 1038 K-3.6 ks for Ti-Zr alloy and 1098 K-3.6 ks for Ti-Sn alloy containing 15{~}20 vol% primary α phase. After solution treatment under the optimized condition aging treatment was done at 623{~}873 K for 600 s{~}36 ks. Vickers hardness in aging below 723 K increases with increasing aging temperature and aging time. Optimized aging conditions for Ti-Zr and Ti-Sn alloys were at 673 K for 36 ks and at 723 K for 36 ks, respectively. The room temperature strengths of those alloys are superior to those of Ti-6%Al-4%V ELI for medical implants. It is revealed by transmission electron macroscopic observation that fine α phase precipitates in the α martensitic matrix are responsible for the age hardening.


(Received August 15, 1994)

Keywords:

titanium alloy, medical implant, microstructure, Vickers hardness, room-temperature strength, effect of heat treatment


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