日本金属学会誌

J. Japan Inst. Metals, Vol. 48, No. 2 (1984),
pp. 129-135

Response of Crack Propagation to Load Variation in Delayed Failure of Ni-Cr-Mo Steels

Keijiro Nakasa1, Hisashi Itoh2 and Hideo Takei1

1Faculty of Engineering, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima
2Fukuoka Prefectural Kaho Technical High School, Fukuoka. Present address: Hiroshima Institute of Technology, Hiroshima

Abstract:

In order to clarify the crack propagation behavior in delayed failure under repeating load, the stress intensity factor K was trapezoidally applied to the specimen, and the relation was investigated between K increasing or decreasing time, t1 or t3, and the incubation time, tu or td, which appeared while K was held at a maximum or minimum value.
The incubation time td is always longer than tu, and td rapidly and tu gradually decreases with increase of t1 and t3. Both tu and td decrease with increase of testing temperature T. The Arrhenius relation holds between 1/T and 1/tu or 1/td, giving the activation energy of 20 or 40 kJ/mol, which is comparable with that for the diffusion of hydrogen atoms in steel.
The appearance of incubation time after the abrupt change in K can be explained by assuming that hydrogen diffusion occurs later than moving of triaxially tensile stressed position at a crack tip.


(Received 1983/06/13)

Keywords:

load variation, crack propagation, delayed failure, hydrogen, triaxial stress, incubation time, nickel-chromium-molybdenum steel


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