日本金属学会誌

J. Japan Inst. Metals, Vol. 41, No. 11 (1977),
pp. 1194-1201

Influence of Sulphur on Morphology of Graphite formed during Annealing of Fe-C-Si Alloys

Satoru Yamamoto1, Takeshi Yasuda2 and Yotaro Murakami1

1Department of Metallurgy Faculty of Engineering, Kyoto University, Kyoto
2Graduate School, Kyoto University, Kyoto. Present address: Hitachi Research, Hitachi Ltd., Hitachi

Abstract:

It was confirmed that graphite formed during annealng of white cast iron is nodularized by sulphur addition, and that the nodularizing effect of sulphur depends upon annealing temperature, annealing time, amount of additional sulphur, method of sulphur addition and C contents: (1) The morphology of graphite is changed with increasing annealing time from sphere to irregulr shape. (2) The nodularizing effect of sulphur shows a remarkable dependency upon the annealing temperatures. (3) The graphite-nodularization is accelerated by the increasing amount of additional sulphur. (4) Immersion of stick sulphur into melts is more effective for the nodularization of graphite than the addition of powder sulphur onto surface of melts. (5) In low carbon alloys, graphite is more easily nodularized by a small addition of sulphur.
These results can be explained by the assumption that graphite nodules are formed by the filling up of spherical cavities in the solid with graphite and these spherical cavities were due to sulphur-gas bubbles in the melt on solidification.


(Received 1977/05/4)

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