日本金属学会誌

J. Japan Inst. Metals, Vol. 39, No. 3 (1975),
pp. 233-239

Growth Process of Helium Bubbles in Aluminium

Haruki Shiraishi1, Hideo Sakairi2, Eiichi Yagi2, Takashi Karasawa2, R. Ryukiti Hashiguti3 and Ryoji Watanabe1

1National Research Institute for Metals, Tokyo
2The Institute of Physical and Chemical Research, Tokyo
3Department of Metallurgy, Faculty of Engineering, University of Tokyo, Tokyo

Abstract:

The growth process of helium bubbles in α -particle bombarded pure aluminum during isothermal anneal ranging 200 to 645°C and 1 to 100 hr was observed by a transmission electron microscope and the possible growth mechanisms are discussed. The effects of helium concentration and cold work were investigated.
The helium bubbles are detectable only at the anneal above 550°C in both annealed and cold worked samples. The cold work does not cause any extra coarsening trend of bubbles. The observed types of bubble distribution in the grain interior are divided into two categories, irrespective of helium concentration and cold work; (1) the fine and uniform bubble distribution, in which case the average size is limited to about 200 Å or less in diameter even at the anneal just below the melting point, and (2) the coarsened and non-uniform bubble distribution ranging 500 to 4000 Å in diameter. The intermediate size bubbles are scarcely found in any cases.
In the above fine bubble distribution, the increase of helium concentration by a factor of two increases the density by the same factor of two, but does not change the mean size of bubbles.
Corresponding to the above two characteristic bubble distributions, it is concluded that two different mechanisms are operative in this experiment; (1) the growth of bubbles by the Brownian motion, in which the growth rate of bubbles is decreased to almost zero by bubble faceting and this results in the bubble size constancy during the prolonged annealing, and (2) the growth of bubbles by the grain boundary sweep-out mechanism, by which the abrupt coarsening of bubbles is caused. The lack of existence of the intermediate size bubble is explained in this way.


(Received 1974/04/8)

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