日本金属学会誌

J. Japan Inst. Metals, Vol. 29, No. 8 (1965),
pp. 794-800

Direct Observation of Vanadium Carbide in an Iron-5% Vanadium Alloy Containing a Small Amount of Carbon

Mitsuru Tanino1 and Tokuhiko Nishida1

1Tokyo Research Institute of Yawata Iron and Steel Co., Ltd., Kawasaki

Abstract:

Direct observations were carried out to study the morphology of vanadium carbide V4C3 and the crystallographic orientation relationship between the carbide and matrix in an iron-5% vanadium alloy, containing a small amount of carbon, which was aged at 600°C for various times after quenching from 1200°C into 10% iced brine. The results are as follows: (1) The as-quenched structure consists of simple ferrite and contains a few irregularly distributed dislocations only. Dislocation loops, helical dislocations and precipitates are not present. (2) Large numbers of square or rectangular-shaped thin platelets appear, accompanied by a slight increase in hardness on aging at 600°C. (3) These very thin platelets are identified as vanadium carbide V4C3 containing a small amount of nitrogen by chemical analysis and X-ray diffraction of extracted residues. (4) A definite crystallographic orientation relationship between vanadium carbide and ferrite matrix was determined by analysing a number of electron diffraction patterns as shown in the following:

(100)V4C3 || (100) α -Fe,  [010]V4C3 || [011] α -Fe,  [001]V4C3 || [0 11] α -Fe.


(Received 1965/4/16)

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