Materials Transactions Online

Materials Transactions, Vol.59 No.06 (2018) pp.999-1004
© 2018 The Japan Institute of Metals and Materials

Fabrication of Aluminum Foam Core Sandwich Using Sandwich-Type Foamable Precursor with Two Face Sheets by Friction Stir Welding Route

Takao Utsunomiya1, Kohei Otsuki2 and Yoshihiko Hangai2

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Shibaura Institute of Technology, Tokyo 135-8548, Japan
2Faculty of Science and Technology, Graduate School of Engineering, Gunma University, Kiryuu 376-8515, Japan

An aluminum foam sandwich (AFS), which consists of an aluminum (Al) foam core and two dense metallic face sheets, is a lightweight component material with good energy and sound insulation properties. A fabrication method for AFSs that can simultaneously fabricate a foamable precursor and realize metallurgical bonding between the precursor and a dense metallic sheet was proposed using the friction stir welding (FSW) route. In this study, we produced a sandwich-type foamable precursor with two Al face sheets using the FSW route and, by foaming this precursor, an AFS was fabricated. Through X-ray computed tomography inspection of the AFS and observation by an electron probe microanalyzer, it was confirmed that no cracklike pores existed in the Al foam core and that only few pores generated by the foaming entered the Al face sheet. Moreover, static tensile tests of the AFS were carried out, and it was shown that the tensile strength of the Al foam core was not decreased by the existence of an oxide film and that the bonding strength of the interface between the Al foam core and the Al face sheet was higher than the tensile strength of the Al foam core.

[doi:10.2320/matertrans.M2018037]

(Received 2018/01/31; Accepted 2018/04/02; Published 2018/05/25)

Keywords: porous material, friction stir welding, sandwich panel, foaming, bonding, composites, tensile strength

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