Materials Transactions Online

Materials Transactions, Vol.58 No.03 (2017) pp.410-419
© 2017 The Mining and Materials Processing Institute of Japan

Recovery of Platinum Group Metals from Spent Catalysts Using Electroless Nickel Plating and Magnetic Separation

Yu-ki Taninouchi1, Tetsuo Watanabe1 and Toru H. Okabe1

1Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 153-8505, Japan

This study demonstrates a new process for physically recovering platinum group metals (PGMs) directly from spent automobile catalysts. Automobile catalysts mostly consist of a honeycomb-structured ceramic substrate coated with a porous catalyst layer supporting fine particles of Pt, Pd, and Rh. In the proposed process, in order to magnetically separate and concentrate the PGMs, ferromagnetic Ni is deposited on the PGM particles (or the catalyst layer) using an electroless plating technique. Experiments were performed using samples that simulated an automobile catalyst. Using the electroless plating process, Ni could be coated on the porous catalyst layer without requiring complicated pretreatments such as sensitization and activation. Furthermore, the PGMs (Pt, Pd, and Rh) could be extracted and concentrated in the form of a magnetic powder through magnetic separation performed after Ni deposition and subsequent pulverization. Thus, the proposed physical concentration process is feasible and effective, and this process can be extended for making the recycling of automobile catalysts more efficient and environmentally friendly.

[doi:10.2320/matertrans.M-M2017801]

(Received 2016/11/07; Accepted 2016/12/27; Published 2017/02/25)

Keywords: platinum group metals, automobile catalyst, physical concentration, recycling, electroless plating, magnetic separation

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