Materials Transactions Online

Materials Transactions, Vol.58 No.02 (2017) pp.236-242
© 2017 The Japan Institute of Metals and Materials

Influence of Humidity on Friction Forces in Point-Contact under Small Loads

Rongguang Wang1, Shoma Furukawa2 and Masanobu Imakawa2

1Department of Mechanical Systems Engineering, Hiroshima Institute of Technology, Hiroshima 731-5193, Japan
2Graduate School of Science and Technology, Hiroshima Institute of Technology, Hiroshima 731-5193, Japan

The frictional force in point-contact between a Si3N4 probe and a polished SUS304 steel surface was investigated by lateral force microscope under different press forces and relative humidity (RH). Variations in the coefficient of friction due to adsorbed water and meniscus necking between the probe and the steel surface were analyzed. At 65% RH, the coefficient of friction between the probe and the hydrophilic surface sharply decreased from 4.0 to 1.0 as vertical nominal load increased from 6 nN to 35 nN, slowly decreasing to 0.7 when the load was increased to 66 nN. At a vertical load of 14 nN, the coefficient of friction for a hydrophilic surface increased with humidity, peaking at 3.5 at an RH of 65%, but decreasing when RH increased to 80%. The change was analyzed to be due to the amount of adhered water on the surface and the formation of meniscus necking. The coefficient of friction on a hydrophobic surface with 1H,1H,2H,2H-perfluorodecyltriethoxysilane (PFDS) was much lower and independent of humidity, despite the much large adhesion force occurred between probe and PFDS molecular.


(Received 2016/10/27; Accepted 2016/11/28; Published 2017/01/25)

Keywords: friction force, humidity, lateral force microscope, small load, water adsorption

PDF(member)PDF (member) PDF(organization)PDF (organization) Order DocumentOrder Document Table of ContentsTable of Contents


  1. S. Breakspear, J.R. Smith and S.A. Campbell: Trans. Inst. Met. Fin. 81 (2003) B68-B70.
  2. E. Liu, B. Blanpain and J.P. Celis: Wear 192 (1996) 141-150.
  3. T. Sumomogi, K. Hieda and T. Endo: J. Jpn Soc. Prec. Eng. 64 (1998) 1664-1668.
  4. T. Sumomogi, T. Endo and K. Kuwahara: J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 13 (1995) 1257-1260.
  5. Y. Ando, T. Tanaka, J. Ino and K. Kakuta: Tran. Jpn. Soc. Mech. Eng. C 65 (1999) 306-313.
  6. Y. Ando: Wear 238 (2000) 12-19.
  7. J. Gavoille and J. Takadoum: Tribol. Int. 36 (2003) 865-871.
  8. R. Wang, L. Cong and M. Kido: Appl. Surf. Sci. 191 (2002) 74-84.
  9. R. Wang, M. Kido, S. Nakanishi and T. Okabe: Mater. Trans. 50 (2009) 1798-1804.
  10. R. Wang and J. Kaneko: Surf. Eng. 29 (2013) 255-263.
  11. T. Honda: Materia Japan 41 (2002) 573-575.
  12. R. Wang: Surf. Interface Anal. 40 (2008) 1284-1288.
  13. R. Wang, M. Kido and F. Suzumura: Mater. Sci. Forum 449-452 (2004) 1025-1028.
  14. X. Xiao and L. Qian: Langmuir 16 (2000) 8153-8158.
  15. J. Hu, X.-D. Xiao, D.F. Ogletree and M. Salmeron: Science 268 (1995) 267-269.
  16. S. Picaud: J. Chem. Phys. 125 (2006) 174712.
  17. X. Wang, S.H. Kim, C. Chen, L. Chen, H. He and L. Qian: ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7 (2015) 14785-14792.


© 2017 The Japan Institute of Metals and Materials
Comments to us :