Materials Transactions Online

Materials Transactions, Vol.57 No.12 (2016) pp.2033-2040
© 2016 The Japan Institute of Metals and Materials

Surface Composition and Corrosion Resistance of Co-Cr Alloys Containing High Chromium

Yusuke Tsustumi1, Hisashi Doi1, Naoyuki Nomura2, Maki Ashida1, Peng Chen1, Akira Kawasaki2 and Takao Hanawa1

1Department of Metallic Biomaterials, Institute of Biomaterials and Bioengineering, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo 101-0062, Japan
2Department of Materials Processing, Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8579, Japan

Air-formed surface oxide films on four types of Co-Cr- alloys were characterized using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and five types of Co-Cr alloys were anodically polarized, to identify the effects of the addition of N, Mo, and W to Co-Cr alloys containing high Cr on the surface composition and corrosion resistance. Co-20Cr-15W-10Ni (ASTM F90), Co-30Cr-6Mo, Co-33Cr-5Mo-0.3N, and Co-33Cr-9W-0.3N were employed for XPS and the above four alloys and another Co-30Cr-6Mo (ASTM F75) were employed for anodic polarization. The surface oxide film on the Co-Cr alloys consisted of oxide species of Co, Cr, Mo, W and/or Ni contains a large amount of OH with a thickness of 2.6-3.2 nm. Cations existed in the oxide as Co2+, Cr3+, Mo4+, Mo5+, Mo6+, W6+ and Ni2+. Cr and Mo are enriched and Co and Ni are depleted in the surface oxide film. W was enriched in the case of Co-20Cr-15W-10Ni but depleted in the case of Co-33Cr-9W-0.3N. On the other hand, Cr, Mo, W and Ni were enriched and Co was depleted in the substrate alloy just under the surface oxide film in the polished alloy. During rapid formation of the surface oxide film, Cr was preferentially oxidized and the oxidation of Co and Ni delayed, according to the oxidation and reduction potentials of these elements. The Co-Cr alloys essentially have high localized corrosion resistance that is not easily affected by a small change of composition. Co-33Cr-5Mo-0.3N shows higher corrosion resistance compare than conventional Co-Cr alloys.

[doi:10.2320/matertrans.MI201514]

(Received 2016/05/27; Accepted 2016/08/04; Published 2016/11/25)

Keywords: cobalt-chromium alloy, surface oxide, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), anodic polarization

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